What is Gender Based Violence?
GBV can manifest in a number of ways, including sexual harassment, trafficking, child marriage, murder in the name of honour, domestic violence, economic and psychological violence, and female genital mutilation. Consequences of gender-based violence include serious, immediate and long-term impacts on the sexual, physical and psychological health of survivors.
What are the causes of GBV?
The causes of GBV are many and intertwined
Witnessing marital violence as a child
Absence or rejection of parent
Being abused as a child
Male control of wealth and decision-making in the family
Poverty, low socio-economic status, unemployment
Associating with peers who condone violence
Isolation of women and family
Norms granting men control over female behaviour
Acceptance of violence as a way to resolve conflict
Notion of masculinity linked to dominance, honour and aggression
Rigid gender roles